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Feeds: Research & Statistics
  AAFCO Feed Inspector's Manual, 2nd ed.
A resource guide for field inspectors, both in the field & when preparing for inspections & regulatory work. The varying laws, rules & regulations of each state are not addressed. You must be aware how this manual agrees/disagrees with your state.
  Agricultural Fact Book
A handy reference tool that offers information about US Agriculture and describes all USDA programs. It also provides useful information about food safety, nutrition, rural issues, research, education, and natural resources.
  Alternative Feed for Ruminants
Intent is to familiarize livestock producers with the variety of feeds available and to provide feeding guidelines for various alternative feeds.
  Avoiding Drug Carryover During Feed Processing and Delivery
Provides feed manufacturers with information that will help them avoid drug carryover (livestock feed contamination)
  Bagged Ingredient Storage
Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) require bagged ingredients to be stored in buildings which are rodent- and bird-proof with no storage of petroleum-based products, or other products, such as batteries, within the bagged storage area. Multipurpose buildings do not lend themselves to maintaining feed production records or provide an environment for maintaining scale accuracy. This publication discusses proper bagged ingredient storage.
  Biosecurity Awareness Guide
The Biosecurity Awareness Guide was produced with the particpation of the Animal Health Institute (AHI); the Center of Veterinary Medicine (CVM)/Food and Drug Administration (FDA); and the National Renderers Association (NRA) by the American Feed Industry Association. It is available as a PDF or as a Powerpoint Presentation file. The Powerpoint Presentation file is available in either English or Spanish.
  Distillers Grains as a Protein and Energy Supplement for Dairy Cattle
Distillers grains are coproducts produced from the fermentation of grains for alcohol. With the increased use of grain alcohol as an alternative fuel, the opportunity now exists for using a substantial quantity of distillers grains in dairy rations.
  Distillers Grains for Beef Cattle
Describes the two forms of distillers byproducts available for use in feedlot finishing diets.
  Distillers Grains for Dairy Cattle
Provides an overview of the nutritional value of distillers grains and gives some guidelines for feeding.
  Economics of Feeding Distillers Grains to Dairy Cattle
Explains how the cost/nutrient method can be used to evaluate the economics of using distillers grains versus other feeds.
  Effects of Diet Particle Size on Animal Performance
Provides information on how grain is processed by poultry and swine at different stages of their growth and the best particle size to fully utilize the nutrients in grains at these growth stages.
  Equivalent Weights of Grains and Oilseeds
Presents the effect of water on the weight of grain. This allows for a better estimate of the amount of shrinkage to expect as grain dries, the adjustments required when marketing wet grain, or the amount of penalty there is for overdrying grain.
  Ethanol Co-Products for Cattle: Distillers Grains for Beef Cows
Many Iowa producers have experience with corn gluten feed, but not distillers grains. With the increased use of grain alcohol as an alternative fuel, the opportunity now exists for using a substantial quantity of distillers grains in dairy rations.
  Evaluating Feed Components and Finished Feeds
This publication contains information pertaining to ingredient specifications, suggestions on which feed ingredient and finished feed properties should be analyzed, types of assays to perform, and how to interpret lab results.
  Evaluating Particle Size
The particle size of ground grain performs a critical role in determining feed digestibility, mixing performance, and pelleting. This publication describes the equipment, procedure, costs, and interpretation of particle size analysis.
  Extension publications
Listing of extension publications (on-line, hard copy, software) from the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service and from other institutions on topics related to grain quality, grain drying/ conditioning/aeration, stored grain management, pest control, post-harvest IPM, specialty/IP grains, value-added processing, and stored product protection. Click on the 'Utilization and Processing of Garins and Oilseeds' or 'Feed Processing' links.
  Feed & food : statistical yearbook 2004
It contains tables and figures regarding the position of the compound feed industry in the EU economy, the production whether at EU, European or global level as well as data on the use of feed materials and key figures on the livestock sector.
  Feed Bulletins
A list of selected bulletins from researchers at Kansas State University.
  Feed Manufacturing Equipment Publications
A dynamic listing of research articles on multiple aspects of feed manufacturing equipment in PDF full text format, authored by researchers at K-State Research and Extension.
  Feed Yearbook
An annual report that examines world and U.S. production, consumption, trade, stocks, and prices for feed grains (focusing on corn). It is a supplement to Feed Outlook. Most sections available as HTML or PDF.
  Feeding Corn Distillers Co-Products to Beef Cattle
Co-products from ethanol production may offer the cattle industry a tremendous opportunity to reduce feed costs without sacrificing performance. Describes the significant challenges that must be met before feeding these products.
  Feeding Small Grains to Swine
Small grains, such as barley, oats, rye, triticale, and wheat can be useful feedstuffs in swine feeding programs. The addition of an extra crop to the typical U.S. Corn Belt corn-soybean rotation can have many beneficial effects.
  Food Labeling and Nutrition
These FDA Food Labeling web pages address the labeling requirements for foods under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act and its amendments. Food labeling is required for most prepared foods, such as breads, cereals, canned and frozen foods, snacks, desserts, drinks, etc.
  Food Labeling Guide : Guidance for Industry
This guidance represents the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) current thinking on this topic. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public.
Website for CRC Press, Woodhead Publishing, and AOCS Press that features full text access to over 171 titles. Subscription required to access the full text.
  Grain Grading Standards in Feed Manufacturing
Explains the different factors used to assign a grain grade and how these factors may influence the processing performance and feeding value of low-grain grain.
  Hammermills and Roller Mills
Provides information to feed processors to help them determine which mill (hammer or roller) is best suited for their grinding needs. Also has information on the general design of these mills and how these mills reduce ingredient particle size.
  ICC Online-Dictionary/Glossary of Cereal Science and Technology
Multilingual dictionary with an integrated search engine and glossary. Select your language, enter the term and the system will translate the term and present you with the term in 6 other languages.
  IFIS: IFSA Feed Ingredient Standard
A collaborative industry project to ensure that safety is placed at the forefront of feed business operations, with the aim of ensuring confidence in the safety of the feed supply chain.
  Looking global, thinking local: An outlook for the stock feed sector
A presentation made by the author at the December 7, 2005 meeting of SFMAV on Rabobank. The presentation contains graphs, maps and data on the growth and consumption of grains and meat worldwide.
  Mycotoxins in Feed Grains and Ingredients
Presents the causes of mycotoxins in feed grains, their effect upon livestock, economic impact for producers and feed manufacturers and other aspects. Can download the publication from a link on this page.
  New and Improved Wheat Uses Audit: Final Report
The usage of corn and soybeans has expanded beyond traditional consumption bases. So the National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) commissioned Sparks Companies, Inc. to conduct a comprehensive audit of new and improved uses for wheat. Utilizing a combination of interviews/surveys and a literature review, 3 categories were identified and deemed to have sufficient probability of success. The 3 categories are: New or improved uses of wheat; new or improved wheat characteristics; and new or improved uses of wheat by-products. The report investigated a number of specific new or improved uses/characteristics in depth.
  Non-Pet Food Label Design and Format Guide
Provides the necessary information and guidelines to design and produce commercial feed labels that meet the AAFCO model regulations.
  Portable Grinder Mixers
Processing feed onfarm using a portable grinder-mixer provides an affordable and flexible manufacturing system for producers with small to intermediate size operations (50 to 400 farrow to finish sows). This publication provides information pertaining to feed processing that will improve operating efficiency, feed quality, and regulatory compliance.
The success of the mixing process depends on many factors such as: type of mixer, mixing time, particle size variation, binding agents, carryover from the previous mix, premixing of micronutrients, sequence of ingredients added to mixer, sequencing of mixes, nutritional profile of the mix, and quality assurance program. This bulletin addresses premixing and its importance to manufacturing a quality feed.
  Preventative Maintenance for Feed Processing Facilities and Equipment
Provides the on-farm feed processor or nonregistered commercial mill with useful information pertaining to the maintenance of facilities and equipment.
  Principles of Feed Manufacturing : Efficient Boiler Operation
The intent of this publication is to review some basic principles of generating steam and to provide guidelines for improving boiler operation efficiency.
  Production and supply situation for organic feed grain in the UK
A full text PDF report of the above topic. Dated April 2007.
  Publications on Animal Feeds
This page provides access to publications produced by the FAO on animal feeds. Most of the publications listed on this page are available as PDF files. Publications and manuals currently available only in print are also listed. Plans are underway to have these available online also.
  Quality Assurance for On-Farm Feed Manufacturing, Final Report
Outlines a project to reduce the likelihood of contaminated meat leaving the farm resulting from failure by on-farm feed manufacturers to comply with Good Manufacturing Practices. There is a link on this page for accessing the publication.
  Rotating Drum Mixers
Provides information about the two types of drum mixers: single-action and double-action.
  SAC Cereal Recommended List for 2007
Lists of recommended cereal crops varieties from the Scottish Agricultural College suitable for growing in different seasons and for different purposes.
  Safety Measures in Handling Stored Grain
Identifies hazards that cause deaths and injuries associated with placing grain in storage and managing the stored grain: getting caught in augers and power take-off shafts, suffocation, overexertion, falls, exposure to dust and/or chemicals, electrocution, fires and explosions. It then gives the necessary steps to eliminate the hazard(s) and/or protect workers from the hazards.
  Salvaging Stored Wet Feed and Grain: Drying, Marketing And Safe Feeding
Time is of the essence in salvaging wet feed and grain. Both will begin to heat and mold very quickly, leading to spoilage as well as the possibility of spontaneous combustion. Includes recommended actions to take
  Sampling : Statistical and Economic Analysis
Sampling and sample evaluation enables the feed manufacturer to make inferences about the quality of incoming grain, protein sources, micro-nutrients, and finished feed. Techniques are presented for optimizing sampling and maximizing the value of data collected from a sampling program. Quality assurance managers can show a positive return on investment for their sampling program and utilize these techniques to increase the company’s profitability. Additionally, the benefits associated with a sampling program can be used to justify investment in rapid quality detection equipment.
  Statistical Process Control : Techniques for Feed Manufacturing
Defines uses of statistical process control in the feed manufacturing industry.
  Triticale Grain for Feed - Nutritional Information
Compares triticale composition to other feed sources grown under Canadian conditions.
  Triticale Grain for Various Classes of Livestock
Presents the results of studies in Canada on the use of triticale as a feed for swine, poultry, beef and dairy cattle, horses, and other ruminants.
  Use of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) in Swine Diets
Discussion of the Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) as a feed ingredient for swine.
  Wheat Middlings : a Useful Feed for Cattle
Marketed as wheat middlings, mill feed or mill run is a co-product of milling durum for semolina or wheat for flour. This publication describes wheat middlings, their composition, their use as a feed for cattle and so on. Pelleted wheat midds are a consistent convenient feed that are well accepted by cattle and are high in protein (18% crude protein) and energy (80% TDN). Wheat midds are also a good source of many minerals (0.9% phosphorous) with the exception of calcium, which often must be supplemented in rations containing a high percent of wheat midds. Cattle producers are finding wheat midds to be a useful feed alternative that can be used in many feeding situations including creep rations, backgrounding/growing rations, and cow herd supplements.
  Wheat Middlings Composition, Feeding Value, and Storage Guidelines
Optimal storage conditions and feed value of wheat middlings for livestock consumption.
  Wheat: the big picture
Describes the life cycle of WHEAT, from seed germination to harvest ripe with special emphasis on the development of the grain after fertilisation. There are supplementary sections on the development of the wheat apex and the embryo. The site aims to provide a reference picture library of all stages of wheat development.
This site is sponsored by  
Agriculture Network Information Center and Kansas State University Libraries